Immigration Policies Around the Globe
Countries are grappling while trying to unravel a magic bullet in their approach to immigrants knocking at their doorstep. Around eleven million undocumented immigrants reside in the United States; however, the dismal part is that not everyone who departs from their native country in the prospect of fulfilling their American dream gets to settle in America in the first place.
This is not a phenomenon restricted to America, but countries across the globe have had to determine who to permit within their borders.
As the Senate approved a bill that welcomes a comprehensive immigration reform, let us delve into how other countries’ immigration policies from the welcoming to the most restrictive ones and how they are handling their flocking masses.
Canada relished the most open and welcoming immigration policies in the world. This was engendered as an upshot of a muffled economic growth since the 1970s, escorted by a dearth of skilled labour. According to the 2016 census, Canada is the immigrant’s paradise constituting a foreign-born population of 21.3% of the total population.
The Start-up Visa programme launched by them was an endeavour to lure the veteran foreign entrepreneurs. Immigrants having being bestowed with funding from Canadian venture capital firms for their start-up business, are permitted the luxury of immediate permanent residency.
According to the UK census, this country bore testament to an escalation of immigrants from 4.6 million in 2001 to 7.5 million in 2011. Immigration was a pertinent issue with the public gaze fixated on it because the annual number of people entering the country overshadowed the number of people who were leaving.
Adding to this caveat, the discovery by the UK Border Agency illuminated the issue of a melange of immigrants residing in the country despite their expired visas that call forth for more stringent immigration reform.
The government’s measure to hit a €1,000 fee on immigrants coming to the UK for employment or study, the purpose of this fee is to serve as a security bond that will only be remitted once they leave the country after the expiration of their visas.
According to reports by the UN, Australia in 2012 witnessed a total of 15,800 asylum claims, which had soared 37% than the previous year. The country’s Migration Act of 1958 gives authority to the Department of Immigration and Citizenship to detain any noncitizen or any person who is unlawfully in the nation.
The unlawful people are ones lacking a valid visa, and these include children. These migrant children have been detained in immigration detention centres. According to human rights complaints, the government has replaced children from detention centres to community detention. Yet, there are 1,062 children in detention centres, as reported by the Australian Human Rights Commission.